Is Elm Good Firewood? First, Elmwood is an excellent wood to burn in an indoor wood stove but is not the first choice. Indeed, it is hard to split when you compare to other woods. Nonetheless, that can be an advantage because they give higher BTUs.
Nonetheless, elm has lower heat values than some other woods. In general, it is good but not the best.
Elmwood burns well? Second, most people agree that it’s good to use, but usually not the best choice. Therefore, Elm can provide decent heat, but it‘s a pain to split.
On the other hand, in North America and Europe, elm trees were there to level city streets for decorative purposes. For example, the trees created a tunneling effect when you looked down the road. Meanwhile, this effect was a unique characteristic that you can see in paintings and photographs from the 18th to the early 20th century.
Similarly, elmwood is very durable, and it has value for the adhesion of fibers. Besides, Elmwood was usually used to make wheels and chairs.
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In general, Elm makes excellent firewood. The fire it produces is not the best, but definitely worth the effort. No splits at all, but you can you any splitter, and you will do it quickly. Keep it dry, it absorbs water poorly and will rot if it gets wet. Nevertheless, it doesn’t smell right. They use it before for wagon hubs, so a splitter is a must-have.
Elm may be the most frequently burned wood in some parts of the US. Moreover, it is definitely in the top ten. Mostly, it’s because the American elm is still a fairly common tree in many places.
Also, because it reproduces in places like roadsides and fences, where lumberjacks can remove it from time to time, finally, diseases kill trees and leave them dead, making them an obvious target for laborers. It burns excellent because it’s average density/BTU content is like hardwood.
For example, Chinese elm is good firewood because the wood burns slowly and lasts longer than the traditional wood you buy in the store.
Elmwood is good to burn in the stove and an excellent wood for burning. Like any hardwood, you have to season it for at least one year.
Anatomical Identification Is Elm Good Firewood
The essential element for distinguishing elm types is the pores of the earlywood. For ELMS in North America, hard elms differ in smaller earlywood pores that are closer in size to the latewood pores. Arrived, usually located in a single broken row.
In contrast, soft elms tend to have large earlywood pores. The earlywood can be one or two rows wide, as in the American elm, or two or four orifices wide, as in the red elm.
However, Elms from Europe and Asia do not always follow the same earlywood model as the North American species. Notably, the English elm and Wych elm both have single, intermittent rows of smaller earlywood pores. Nonetheless, those are soft elms.
Type of Elm
The wood of hard elms generally ranges from 40 to 50 lbs/ft3, while soft elms typically have a density from 35 to 40 lbs/ft3.
About 30-40 different elm species are belonging to the genus Ulmus. Trees first developed approximately 20 million years ago in Central Asia. Now you can find the tree along the Northern hemisphere.
Cedar elm (Ulmus crassifolia)
Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)
Winged elm (Ulmus fulva)
Elm (ulmus procera)
Red elm (Ulmus rubra)
Dutch elm (Ulmus hollandica)
American elm (Ulmus americana)
Wych elm (Ulmus glabra)
American vs Red Elm
When it comes to burning elmwood, this is one of those woods that you should try for yourself to discern if you like it for firewood. Very often, you can find people who do not want to burn elmwood. Others say that it is mediocre, and some love it. These differences of evaluation have a lot to do with the nature of elm and how dry it is.
American elm or white elmwood is lower in BTU than red elm and is harder to separate. Consequently, many people don’t like it. It is a sturdy wood that is difficult to split and can contain a lot of water. Many people may think that it is ok after a year.
Nonetheless, it is not always so, and sometimes it takes more time. But if it’s scorched, American or white elmwood will burn fine, though not as long and hot as red elmwood.
In North America, the predominant tree is the American elm. It has a sturdy wood, resistance to wind damage and rapid growth. All those factors made it a popular choice. In Europe, smooth-leaved elm and wych elm are more usual.
Red elm is a medium density wood. Also, it is for making good lumber. Also, it is lower in BTU than common hardwoods such as oaks and hickory, but it can put out good heat. Besides, it fades well and can last a long time. Finally, it may be sinewy, but it still splits with a Mall.
American elm will offer 20.0 million BTU per cord.
Red elm will produce 20.9 million BTU per cord.
Chinese Elm Firewood
Parvifolia elm is commonly known as Chinese or Lacebark elm medium-sized firewood. Like the American elm, it is tough to split, and it takes a long time in the season. However, once seasoned, it is an average kind of wood. For optimal drying conditions, it will take at least a year to season.
Dutch Elm Disease
Dutch elm disease or DED destroyed elms across Europe and North America. DED comes from a micro-fungus that is spread by an elm bark beetle.
Many areas are quarantined on Elmwood to help prevent the spread of Dutch elm disease. So be sure and check with the regulations before moving the elm firewood from one position to another.
This disease is responsible for the murder of millions of elms. This fungal disease comes from elm bark beetles and is liable for the deaths of tens of millions of elms in North America and Europe. They produced elm trees resistant to Dutch elm disease, so the tree is slowly making a comeback. As a result, there are now disease-resistant varieties and hybrids. Hybrid elm trees can have the characteristics of any of the parent trees, making it challenging to identify.
Dutch elm disease spread so much wood that people try to burn from standing dead trees. Dead trees don’t insure to be dry inside. Once it is cut and divided, you need to spend plenty of time to dry. Indeed, the key is to give the Elm enough time to dry to become completely dry. Make sure you wipe it in a dry, well-ventilated area and keep it away from the ground.
The Use Of The Wood
Due to Dutch elm disease, it is not uncommon to find standing dead elms everywhere. These standing dead elms can produce decent wood because the wood is almost dry when you cut down the tree.
Don’t try to burn a wet elm. Wet wood is unhappy to heat, and you should expect to let them dry for at least one year. Also, make sure to elevate the wood off the ground when you store it.
How to Split
The wood is dense, produces decent heat, and is generally not wrong to use. If you have access to a wood divider, splitting elm is not that difficult, but don’t try to cut the crotch. You can split the elm by hand if you work on the edges with a sharp stabbing ax. Nonetheless, it requires a lot of effort to use the woodcutter.
Elmwood is tough to separate. The tree is very wiry. After the maul cracks the wood apart, the stringy fibers hold the timber. Also, a sharp splitting ax will help cut cords, but a hydraulic wood splitter is the best way to split elm.