Is Elm Good Firewood? First, Elmwood is an excellent wood to burn in an indoor wood stove but is not the first choice. Indeed, it is hard to split when you compare it to other woods. Nonetheless, that can be an advantage because they give higher BTUs.
Nonetheless, elm has lower heat values than some other woods. In general, it is good but not the best.
On the other hand, in North America and Europe, elm trees were there to level city streets for decorative purposes. For example, the trees created a tunneling effect when you looked down the road. Meanwhile, this effect was a unique characteristic that you can see in paintings and photographs from the 18th to the early 20th century.
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In general, Elm makes excellent firewood. Therefore, the fire it produces is not the best, but definitely worth the effort. No splits at all, but you can you any splitter, and you will do it quickly.
In other words, keep it dry. It absorbs water poorly and will rot if it gets wet. Nevertheless, it doesn’t smell right. However, they use it before for wagon hubs, so a splitter is a must-have.
For instance, elm may be the most frequently burned wood in some parts of the US. Moreover, it is definitely in the top ten. Mostly, it’s because the American elm is still a fairly common tree in many places.
Also, because it reproduces in places like roadsides and fences, where lumberjacks can remove it from time to time, finally, diseases kill trees and leave them dead, making them an obvious target for laborers. After that, it burns excellent because its average density/BTU content is like hardwood.
Anatomical Identification Is Elm Good Firewood
First, the essential element for distinguishing elm types is the pores of the earlywood. Hence, for ELMS in North America, hard elms differ in smaller earlywood pores closer in size to the latewood pores. Arrived, usually located in a single broken row.
However, Elms from Europe and Asia do not always follow the same earlywood model as the North American species. Notably, the English elm and Wych elm both have single, intermittent rows of smaller earlywood pores. Nonetheless, those are soft elms.
Type of Elm
Then, about 30-40 different elm species are belonging to the genus Ulmus. Next, trees first developed approximately 20 million years ago in Central Asia. Now you can find the tree along the Northern hemisphere.
Cedar elm (Ulmus crassifolia)
Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)
Winged elm (Ulmus fulva)
Elm (ulmus procera)
Red elm (Ulmus rubra)
Dutch elm (Ulmus hollandica)
American elm (Ulmus americana)
Wych elm (Ulmus glabra)
American vs Red Elm
To change the topic, when it comes to burning elmwood, this is one of those woods that you should try for yourself to discern if you like it for firewood. Very often, you can find people who do not want to burn elmwood. Others say that it is mediocre, and some love it. These evaluation differences have a lot to do with the nature of elm and how dry it is.
American elm or white elmwood is lower in BTU than red elm and is harder to separate. Consequently, many people don’t like it. It is a sturdy wood that is difficult to split and can contain a lot of water. Many people may think that it is ok after a year.
Nonetheless, it is not always so, and sometimes it takes more time. But if it’s scorched, American or white elmwood will burn fine, though not as long and hot as red elmwood.
In North America, the predominant tree is the American elm. It has sturdy wood, resistance to wind damage, and rapid growth. All those factors made it a popular choice. In Europe, smooth-leaved elm and wych elm are more usual.
Red elm is a medium-density wood. Also, it is for making good lumber. Also, it is lower in BTU than common hardwoods such as oaks and hickory, but it can put out good heat. Besides, it fades well and can last a long time. Finally, it may be sinewy, but it still splits with a Mall.
Red elm will produce 20.9 million BTU per cord.
Chinese Elm Firewood
Parvifolia elm is commonly known as Chinese or Lacebark elm medium-sized firewood. Like the American elm, it is tough to split, and it takes a long time in the season. However, once seasoned, it is an average kind of wood. For optimal drying conditions, it will take at least a year to season.
Dutch Elm Disease
Dutch elm disease or DED destroyed elms across Europe and North America. DED comes from a micro-fungus that an elm bark beetle spreads.
A fungal disease
This disease is responsible for the murder of millions of elms. This fungal disease comes from elm bark beetles and is liable for the deaths of tens of millions of elms in North America and Europe. They produced elm trees resistant to Dutch elm disease, so the tree is slowly making a comeback. As a result, there are now disease-resistant varieties and hybrids. Hybrid elm trees can have the characteristics of any of the parent trees, making them challenging to identify.
Burning the wood
Dutch elm disease spread so much wood that people try to burn from standing dead trees. Dead trees don’t ensure to be dry inside. Once it is cut and divided, you need to spend plenty of time drying it. Indeed, the key is to give the Elm enough time to dry to become completely dry. Make sure you wipe it in a dry, well-ventilated area and keep it away from the ground.
The Use Of The Wood
Is Elm Good Firewood? – How to Split
The wood is dense, produces decent heat, and is generally not wrong to use. If you have access to a wood divider, splitting elm is not that difficult, but don’t try to cut the crotch. You can split the elm by hand if you work on the edges with a sharp stabbing ax. Nonetheless, it requires a lot of effort to use the woodcutter.
Elmwood is tough to separate. The tree is very wiry. After the maul cracks the wood apart, the stringy fibers hold the timber. A sharp splitting ax will also help cut cords, but a hydraulic wood splitter is the best way to split elm.