Is Elm Good Firewood
Is Elm Good Firewood? Elmwood is a good wood to burn in an indoor wood stove but is not the first choice. Indeed, it is hard to split when you compare to other woods, but that can be an advantage because give higher BTUs.
Nonetheless, elm has lower heat values than some other woods. In general, it is good but not the best.
In North America and Europe, elm trees were used to level city streets for decorative purposes. The trees created a tunneling effect when you looked down the road. This effect was a unique characteristic that you can see in paintings and photographs from the 18th to the early 20th century.
In general, Elm makes excellent firewood. The fire it makes is not the best, but definitely worth the effort. No splits at all but you can you any splitter, and you will do it quickly. Keep it dry, it absorbs water poorly and will rot if it gets wet. Nevertheless, it doesn’t smell right. They use it before for wagon hubs, so a splitter is a must have.
Also, because it grows rapidly in places like roadsides and fences, where lumberjacks can remove it from time to time. Finally, diseases kill trees and leave them dead, making them an obvious target for lumberjacks. It burns great because it’s average density/btu content is like hardwood.
The essential element for distinguishing elm types is the pores of the earlywood. For ELMS in North America, hard elms differ in smaller earlywood pores that are closer in size to the latewood pores. Arrived, usually located in a single broken row.
However, Elms from Europe and Asia do not always follow the same earlywood model as the North American species. Notably, the English elm and Wych elm both have single, intermittent rows of smaller earlywood pores. Nonetheless, those are soft elms.
Type of Elm
Cedar elm (Ulmus crassifolia)
Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii)
Winged elm (Ulmus fulva)
Elm (ulmus procera)
Red elm (Ulmus rubra)
Dutch elm (Ulmus hollandica)
American elm (Ulmus americana)
Wych elm (Ulmus glabra)
American vs Red Elm
When it comes to burning elm wood, this is one of those woods that you should try for yourself to discern if you like it for firewood. Very often you can find people who do not want to burn elm wood. Others say that it is mediocre, and some love it. These differences of evaluation have a lot to do with the nature of elm and how dry it is.
American elm or white elm wood is lower in BTU than red elm and is harder to separate. Consequently, many people don’t like it. It is a sturdy wood that is difficult to split and can contain a lot of water. Many people may think that it is ok after a year.
Nonetheless, it is not always so, and sometimes it takes more time. But if it’s scorched, American or white elm wood will burn fine, though not as long and hot as red elm wood.
In North America, the predominant tree is the American elm. It has a sturdy wood, resistance to wind damage and rapid growth. All those factors made it a popular choice. In Europe, smooth-leaved elm and wych elm are more usual.
Red elm is a medium density wood. Also, it is for making good lumber. Also, it is lower in BTU than common hardwoods such as oaks and hickory, but it can put out good heat. Besides, it fades well and can last a long time. Finally, it may be sinewy, but it still splits with a Mall.
Red elm will produce 20.9 million BTU per cord.
Chinese Elm Firewood
Parvifolia elm is commonly known as Chinese or Lacebark elm medium-sized firewood. Like the American elm, it is tough to split, and it takes a long time in the season. However, once seasoned, it is an average kind of wood. For optimal drying conditions, it will take at least a year to season.
Dutch Elm Disease
This disease is responsible for the murder of millions of elms. This fungal disease comes from elm bark beetles and is liable for the deaths of tens of millions of elms in North America and Europe. They produced elm trees resistant to Dutch elm disease, so the tree is slowly making a comeback. As a result, there are now disease-resistant varieties and hybrids. Hybrid elm trees can have the characteristics of any of the parent trees, making it difficult to identify.
Dutch elm disease spread so much wood that people try to burn from standing dead trees. Dead trees don’t insure to be dry inside. Once it is cut and divided, you need to spend plenty of time to dry. Indeed, the key is to give the Elm enough time to dry to become completely dry. Make sure you wipe it in a dry, well-ventilated area and keep it away from the ground.
The Use Of The Wood
How to Split
The wood is dense, produces decent heat and is generally not wrong to use. If you have access to a wood divider, splitting elm is not that difficult but don’t try to cut the crotch. You can split the elm by hand if you work on the edges with a sharp stabbing axe. Nonetheless, it requires a lot of effort so use the woodcutter.
Elmwood is tough to separate. The tree is very wiry. After the maul cracks the wood apart, the stringy fibers hold the wood. A sharp splitting ax will help cut cords, but a hydraulic wood splitter is the best way to split elm.